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Few Things You Must Know in 2021

AI

Facebook has recently come up with a new model of Facebook AI and here are the few things you need to know about it in 2021. Facebook doesn’t just research and develop AI. The company’s platform relies on technology to work. Facebook’s AI capabilities start with a text. The company’s DeepText system is a deep learning engine that understands text on the platform with near-human accuracy. Composed of several neural networks, DeepText uses these networks to process the written word as it’s used on Facebook. The resulting data can be used in many ways: the company can now understand more than 20 languages to serve a global audience and better understand queries in its Messenger app. Thanks to these developments, Facebook is testing recommended responses in Messenger, which offer a logical next response to a friend or family member’s message. As Google and Amazon create their own voice and chatbot assistants, AI will likely play a large role in how Facebook develops its own messaging and artificial assistant capabilities. Facebook’s image recognition (a type of AI) auto-classifies what’s happening in images without human captions or tags, allowing users to search photos using keywords even if images are unannotated. Facebook’s DeepFace AI system is responsible for image identification, and at launch in 2014, it was 97 percent accurate (beating out an 85 percent accurate system used by the FBI).

 

Recent Changes in Facebook AI

Recent developments also allow the company’s machine learning algorithms to automatically annotate photos with text so that they’re more accessible to blind users and more easily searchable by all. In 2016, Facebook open-sourced a number of its image recognition tools in the hopes this would accelerate facial recognition progress even faster. Facebook already uses algorithms to determine which content appears on your News Feed. This has been a defining feature of the product since the beginning, though the algorithms have changed over time. But today says the company, AI is responsible for more than just guessing what content you’ll like. “Machine learning models are part of ranking and personalizing News Feed stories, filtering out offensive content, highlighting trending topics, ranking search results, and much more,” according to the company.

In 2015, TechCrunch reports, Facebook released an update to fight hoax stories, which worked by penalizing stories flagged fake by a large number of users. In 2016, Facebook experimented with using a machine-learning algorithm to identify fake news. Today, AI affects what you see when you browse Facebook, based on your interests and what your network finds interesting. But as the company teaches AI more about the context behind the content, CEO Mark Zuckerberg has discussed the possibility of serving you content based on what AI not your friends thinks you’ll like. Facebook is on the cutting-edge of AI research, development, and commercial application. It employs some of the top experts in the field. And there are undoubtedly plenty of well-meaning professionals at the company who are looking to move AI forward.

 

The Problems that Lies with Facebook AI

However, no discussion of Facebook AI is complete without honestly addressing the very real problems the company’s technology has caused. Facebook is under fire for using algorithms (powered by AI) to profit by creating division and sowing misinformation. The company’s entire business model runs on advertising. The only way to get advertisers to pay up is to get users engaging with the platform. And, it turns out, a great way to maximize engagement among some people is to surface fake news, disinformation, and hate speech. This is both a problem with Facebook leadership and an AI problem, according to Facebook whistleblower Francis Haugen. Facebook’s AI is optimizing towards the goal of maximum engagement. Facebook’s leadership appears to have let the AI do that without appropriate safeguards to stop problematic content from being surfaced. Not to mention, the decision to maximize engagement above everything else is a conscious leadership decision. This is a problem that likely has to be solved by humans, not machines.

While the company uses AI to moderate content, it’s clearly not working as well as it needs to in order to avoid issues raised by whistleblowers like Haugen. The problem is that Facebook’s AI is composed of extremely complex algorithms, and it’s quite likely no single human knows how they all work. That makes regulating the technology itself difficult. The “black box” problem is a huge issue with a lot of AI systems. It’s not always easy or even possible to tell why a machine makes the decisions it makes.

 

What’s in It for the Businesses

The Facebook AI also has a major impact on businesses that use the platform to engage with and advertise to customers. AI already has a major impact on how Facebook works and how each Facebook user interacts with the platform. Its News Feed is governed by AI and could become more dependent on the tech in the near future. The company’s machine learning systems are getting better at understanding text and images. And the ads you see could lean heavily on the preferences and insights AI reveals to the company’s data scientists. The use of AI across every aspect of the platform is likely to accelerate. In 2016, Facebook introduced FBLearner Flow, an internal platform that shares machine learning knowledge and code across the company. At a high level, FBLearner Flow makes it possible to apply algorithms and models from one aspect of the company’s operations to others, speeding up machine learning developments. This and the company’s rapid AI developments have some significant implications for businesses.

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