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Know the Impact on Drug Discovery and Development

Quantum computing has started helping in major breakthroughs in different sectors across the world with its phenomena of quantum mechanics in smart quantum computers. The global quantum computing market is expected to hit US$378.40 million in 2030 with a CAGR of 25.40%. Countries like Japan, China, and South Korea are exhibiting massive progress in quantum computing. Almost all governments are instigated to allocate millions of dollars budget for the investment in quantum computers to discover the undiscoverable. Thus, quantum computing has also created a massive impact on the pharmaceutical industry for drug discovery as well as drug development. Let’s explore how quantum computing is creating an impact on drug discovery and development in the 21st century.

The pharmaceutical industry has started reaping the benefits of quantum computers to create a change in the existing process of drug discovery and drug development. This industry needs a hefty budget for R&D and quantum computing can help in enhancing the R&D process within a short period of time. The pharmaceutical industry deals with different molecular formulations and this cutting-edge technology in quantum computing are the best-suited tech after artificial intelligence. Quantum computers tend to predict and simulate molecular structures, patterns, behaviors, and properties more efficiently than the traditional computers used in the labs. These quantum computers are more powerful and bring the entire process at an atomic level to add more value to drug discovery and drug development across the world.

Multiple pharma labs use a common methodology known as the Computer-Assisted Drug Discovery (CADD) for processing molecules. There are multiple benefits of leveraging quantum computing in the CADD such as an increase in the biological mechanisms amenable scope to CADD, reduce screening time, decrease the number of times related to the empirically-based development cycle, making the current CADD tools more effective, higher accuracy rate in outcomes, allow structural flexibility, and enhance the drug development cycle. Quantum computers can help the pharmaceutical industry with the creation of new types of drug-candidate libraries to use in further drug discovery and drug development in the nearby future. The paradigm shift in the R&D department can automate the different approaches to drug discovery for the welfare of society. Multiple companies in the pharmaceutical industry tend to develop new drugs without any awareness of the protein structures through trial and error methods. Quantum computing can help to predict the 3D protein structures by obtaining high-quality structural data.

That being said, though there are certain positive impacts of quantum computers on drug discovery and development, there are some challenges in implementing quantum computing in the pharmaceutical industry. Some of the challenges are identifying the capability of a scalable quantum computing system to fit into the present lab conditions and shifting the existing chemistry problems to the quantum computational problems due to the lack of suitable hardware and software.

Thus, quantum computing may create a huge impact on the pharmaceutical industry, but this cutting-edge technology cannot replace classical computers in drug discovery and drug development. The world of science still has a long way to go to overcome the lower limits of quantum computing in the cross-pollination between traditional and quantum worlds.

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